Guru Ram Das Ji is the fourth Sikh Guru. He was born at Chuna Mandi Lahore on September 24, 1534. The original name of Guru Ram Das Ji was Bhai Jetha Ji. He was son-in-law of Guru Amar Das Ji. He was married to Bibi Bhani Ji. He had three sons namely Prithi Chand, Mahan Dev and Arjan Dev. He was nominated to Gurgaddi on August 30th, 1574 at Goindwal.
Guru Ram Das Ji emphasised the concept of selfless service to the humanity without any consideration of caste, colour, creed, gender and country. He put stress on high thinking and simple living. He gave the gift of “Four Lawan” to attain unity with God.
Founder of the city of Amritsar, site of Harmandir Sahib Ji, Guru Ram Das Ji worked to ensure the city’s growth by encouraging commercial and trade ventures in the town. Soon, with the city flourishing as a trade centre and place of pilgrimage, the Sikhs had a distinct religious centre of their own. He excavated the pool of Harmandir Sahib Ji
He founded the town of Guru Ka Chak, which later on came to be known as Amritsar. The Guru Ji invited people of different trades to do business in the newly set up town. He started the excavation of the holy Sarovar (Lake of immortality or pool of Nectar) of Sri Harmandir Sahib Ji at a place now called Darbar Sahib Ji or Golden Temple Amritsar. Sri Harmandar Sahib Ji is fountain of spirituality that strengthens the Sikh unity.
He dedicated his life to preach Sikhism. He encouraged the Sikhs to become true Sikhs by singing the glory of God. He established the Massand institution to look after growth of Sikhism. Guru Ram Das Ji bestowed Guruship on his youngest son Arjan Dev Ji, after whom the Guruship became hereditary. He left for heavenly abode on September 1st, 1581 at Goindwal Sahib Ji.